Posted 2020-11-09 00:00:00 +0000 UTC
According to the safety regulations of the United States (similar to those of China), although the trump government has reduced the average fuel economy to 5.88 L / 100 km from 4.36 L / 100 km in 2026, the automakers still need to increase the average fuel economy of all their passenger cars and light trucks by 1.5% every year in 2021-2026. So, the question is, in the U.S. auto market, which is the most environmentally friendly model 2020 new car you can buy? On April 22, when world earth day came, an American media listed five of the most environmentally friendly cars in terms of gasoline, diesel, plug-in hybrid, hybrid and electric power assemblies respectively according to the fuel consumption of internal combustion engines and electric vehicle endurance mileage of the comprehensive working cycle set by EPA and the U.S. Environmental Protection agency. Let's explore. In 2020, the fuel consumption of mirage CVT Mitsubishi mirage CVT, the lowest gasoline powered vehicle in the United States, is 6.53 L / 100 km in EPA urban working condition, and 5.47 L / 100 km in Expressway working condition. Finally, the fuel consumption of 6.03 L / 100 km in comprehensive working condition is achieved. Although Mitsubishi mirage has excellent fuel economy, it lacks good interior design and reliability record. Mitsubishi mirage is generally regarded as the worst new car in the United States. After all, in the past five years, Mitsubishi has not been able to launch a new car that is praised. The same model in Europe, called Mitsubishi space star, also has a bad driving experience. Mitsubishi mirage offers hatchback and sedan versions. Because it has four doors instead of five, it is more called mirage G4. This 5-speed manual entry-level model in the United States starts at $13995 (about 99000 yuan), while CVT model is a little more expensive, at $15295 (about 108000 yuan). Other EPA models with the lowest fuel consumption and only providing gasoline power assembly under comprehensive working conditions include the same 6.53 L / 100 km accent (domestic version is Yuena), modern Elantra (domestic version is leader), Rio (domestic version is K3), fit (domestic version is Feidu) and Honda Civic (domestic version is civic), followed by the 6.72 L / 100 km corolla Hatchback (the domestic version is called the two compartment Carola). At the end of 2020, Mazda cx-5 skyactiv-d2019, the diesel engine with the lowest fuel consumption in the United States, GM has stopped providing Cruze (the domestic version is called Cruz) with 1.6-liter turbocharged diesel engine. With the cooperation of 9-speed automatic gearbox, the EPA comprehensive working condition of 2019 models can reach 6.36 L / 100km; there is also no new 2020 model car with 2.0L Ingenium turbocharged four cylinder diesel engine, although 6.53 L / 100km is promised in Xe compact car and 6.72 L / 100km in XF medium car. Then, the champion of the diesel engine model with the lowest fuel consumption falls on Mazda cx-5 skyactivity-d. This compact cross-border new car is equipped with front wheel drive and 6-speed automatic gearbox. The fuel consumption under EPA comprehensive condition is 8.11 L / 100 km, including 8.40 L / 100 km under urban condition and 7.59 L / 100 km under expressway condition. However, after the four-wheel drive model is selected, the fuel consumption of EPA under comprehensive working condition is 8.40 L / 100 km, including 8.71 L / 100 km under urban working condition and 7.84 L / 100 km under expressway working condition. Mazda cx-5's diesel crossover power system is quite good, which has been fully proved in Europe, but the starting price in the U.S. market has dissuaded many consumers. The manufacturer suggested a retail price of about 41000 US dollars (about 290000 RMB), but at the beginning of 2020, the discount on the market was as high as 10000 US dollars (about 71000 RMB), because no one rushed to buy this model Products. In addition, diesel power is also provided for discovery, Range Rover and Range Rover Sport, and diesel power is also provided for full-size pickup models such as Silverado 1500. Among them, the EPA fuel consumption of Silverado is 8.71 L / 100 km under comprehensive condition, 10.20 L / 100 km under urban condition, and 7.13 L / 100 km under high-speed road condition. In 2020, the model with the lowest fuel consumption in the U.S. - Hyundai IONIQ blue is not Toyota, but Hyundai IONIQ blue? Yes, Hyundai won the title just after launching the Prius like compact car with the help of three electrification strategies. Even for the lowest level car, the fuel economy is quite good. The comprehensive fuel consumption of modern IONIQ blue EPA is 4.06 L / 100 km, including 4.13 L / 100 km under urban conditions and 3.99 L / 100 km under expressway conditions. It is lower than the Toyota Prius eco with the EPA integrated fuel consumption of 4.20 L / 100 km, and also lower than other ioniqs without blue technology. The latter's integrated fuel consumption is 4.28 L / 100 km. Another advantage of modern IONIQ blue is the starting price, excluding the freight of 23200 US dollars (about 164000 RMB), which is 1125 US dollars cheaper than Toyota Prius l eco. Even for entry-level models, the modern IONIQ blue has a good comfort configuration, which is equipped with proximity key and start button as standard. At the same time, it can provide 8.0 inch touch-screen information entertainment system of front anti-collision assistance system, Android auto and apple Carplay interconnection function without any extra money. In terms of some hybrids, Hyundai is also better than Toyota. Compared with the Prius E-CVT, the dual clutch transmission of Hyundai IONIQ blue not only feels more natural, but also you will actually feel the shifting process rather than no feeling. At this point alone, no other hybrid can do it. If you like cars, Honda Insight is also a good choice. Its fuel economy is also considerable. The fuel consumption under EPA comprehensive condition is 4.52 L / 100 km, exactly the same as the ordinary Prius without eco technology. In addition, the hybrid version, hybrid version and the latest modern Sonata blue hybrid version also provide 4.52 L / 100 km EPA comprehensive fuel consumption. Toyota Prius prime, the model with the lowest fuel consumption in the United States in 2020, even though the EPA listed Rex as the most efficient plug-in hybrid vehicle today, this is actually a mistake. It takes the power consumption of 2.01 L / 100 km as the comprehensive fuel economy index of similar gasoline models. It is worth mentioning that the BMW I3 Rex is also equipped with a two cylinder extended range engine, which can charge the group without driving the car. After excluding the BMW I3 Rex, the Toyota Prius prime is the undisputed king. The EPA's comprehensive fuel consumption is 4.36 L / 100 km or the power consumption is 1.77 L / 100 km, which is also better than the BMW I3 Rex, with a driving mileage of 40 km and a total endurance of 1030 km. In addition, honda clarity plug-in hybrid has a higher pure electric range of 77km, but the EPA's overall fuel consumption performance is poor, only 5.60l/100km, and the total mileage of 547km is not surprising. In addition, the price is prohibitive, starting at 33400 US dollars (about 236000 RMB), 5500 US dollars more expensive than Toyota Prius. Other outstanding plug-in hybrid models include the modern IONIQ plug-in hybrid model with EPA integrated fuel consumption of 4.52 L / 100 km and the Kia Niro plug-in hybrid model with EPA integrated fuel consumption of 5.11 L / 100 km. Next, there are 2.0L Atkinson's fusion energy plug-in hybrid (the domestic version is called Mondeo) and Kia optima plug-in hybrid (the domestic version is called K5). The fuel consumption of EPA under comprehensive working conditions is 5.60 and 5.74 L / 100 km respectively. Model s long-range plus, the lowest energy consumption pure electric vehicle in the United States in 2020, you may have guessed that it must be Tesla. However, you don't know it's the Tesla Model s long-range plus version. Although it's bigger and heavier than the model 3 long-range version, it has 629km pure electric range. Considering that we are talking about a full-scale luxury car, which can accelerate from 0 to 96 km / h in 3.7 seconds, this conclusion is even more impressive. However, considering the price, the king of Tesla Model s long-range plus is not so good. Its starting price is $79990 (about 567000 yuan), which is $31000 higher than the long-range model 3. Moreover, the EPA power consumption value is also better for model 3, which is 1.67 L / 100 km, compared with model s, which is 2.12 L / 100 km. The power consumption value of 100 km corresponds to 15 kWh and 19 kwh respectively. In terms of pure electric endurance mileage, the 565km of long endurance plus is second, while the 509km (not 518km) of model y is fourth behind the model 3. Although delivery has not yet begun, the new Ford Mustang mach-e rear drive is theoretically fifth with a target range of 480km. If the budget is tight, there are two electric cross-border vehicles worth considering, namely, the modern Kona electric version with a range of 415 km (the domestic version is called anxino) and the Kia Soul electric version with a range of 391 km (the domestic version is called Xiu'er, but it has already stopped selling). In addition, if you don't care about the conservative body design, the Chevrolet bolt with a range of 417km is also a good choice. For more information about new cars with low fuel consumption in the United States, please pay attention to the follow-up reports of sina motors.
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